This Outline traces how a well-defined apocalyptic worldview made its first appearance around 1500 BCE in the teachings of a Persian prophet by the name of Zoroaster. These teachings were further developed in a great body of literature known as Jewish Apocalyptic in the 2nd Century BCE. This mode of thinking was then taken up in Apocalyptic Christianity. These deep apocalyptic roots have finally found expression in more secular apocalyptic movements such as Marxism and Environmentalism. What all these apocalyptic movements have in common is the shared myth of some ideal or Golden Age at the beginnings of human history and the myth that somehow mankind has fallen away from what things used to be or should have been. Apocalyptic in whatever form is “a theology of despair” in that it takes the pessimistic view that the world and the human condition continues to deteriorate and hastens to some cataclysmic end. This Outline concludes with a far more optimistic view of human history – constant improvement of the human condition and a future that is “infinite in all directions”.
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In this essay, Wendell Krossa (www.wendellkrossa.com) looks at human history in terms of a great Exodus journey from mankind’s primitive animal past. The dawning and development of human consciousness leads us away from all forms of retaliation, including the forms that have been scralized by religion, to the practice of unconditional love.
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Two of Irene’s photographs recently exhibited at The Brief, Curious Art Gallery (Digital Photography); the bridge that links Southbank to the CBD in Brisbane city, QL state and the red umbrella by Chinderah Bay, NSW. The bridge was also selected to be featured at the Arts Northern Rivers FB website.
Dr. Weston Allen wrote this paper on the nature of Biblical literature about 15 years ago, and never got around to finishing the section on two books of the Old Testament that go by the name of Joshua and Judges. We like what Wes has produced so much that we have decided to publish what he has already completed, hoping that this may also inspire him to finish an excellent project. RDB for Irenic Publications.
Hereunder is the testimony of John R. Christy, PhD, presented to a US Senate Committee. He is a climate scientist of world renown. The gist of his testimony is that there is no evidence that human carbon dioxide emissions are having any influence in either the frequency or intensity of extreme weather events. On the other hand he points out that carbon dioxide is a plant food, and elevated levels of it in the atmosphere is providing more food for both humans and animal life. At this stage of human technology, carbon-based fuels are still an indispensable source of cheap energy without which the Third World could never escape from inhuman poverty levels.